What is Electro-Therapy:
started in the 1920's with scientists like Tesla examining the
effects of electrical current on physiological processes.
Jump forward to the 1980's and you have the emergence of
Transcutaneous Nerve Stimulation (TENS) as a major pain control
reduces pain is about 20% of patients, and significantly so in about
10% of patients. It is
basically an extension of the gate control theory of pain, wherein a
stimulus that competes with pain, also blocks the pain.
Rubbing the area about the pain blocks the pain to an extent;
that's essentially what TENS does only in a more intense degree.
the early 2000's electrotherapy evolved into the implantation of
spinal cord stimulators, made by Boston Scientific and Medtronic.
In this modality, a surgeon implants an array of electrodes
into the patient's spine, in the lateral spinothalamic tract
(where pain is transmitted up the spinal cord), and the stimulation
blocks the pain impulses into the spinal cord, simply put.
the 1990's, various extensions of TENS evolved, such as Percutaneous
Neuromodulation Therapy (PNT), a highly effective modality for
modulating pain in the low back and neck.
Unfortunately, the company that developed PNT, RS Medical,
failed to follow through with obtaining all of the codes for
billing for the procedure and it fell into disuse due to lack of
payment from insurance companies.
recently, P-Stim is a new
pain electrotherapy that has been fully approved by the FDA. This involves the discovery by an
Austrian Vascular Surgeon, of the cranial nerves that run large
neuron bundles into the human ear.
In other words, the earlobe has connections directly into the
brain and spinal cord via branches of cranial nerves.
Given that fact, it becomes possible to access the brain and
spinal cord through the ear, rather than implanting potentially
dangerous devices directly into the spinal cord.
directly affects the autonomic nervous system by stimulating the
parasympathetic system so as to over-ride the sympathetic system
(which is in vast over-stimulation in the pain state).
By stimulating the parasympathetic system, P-Stim causes the
nervous system to relax or reduce its overall activity.
Thereby, the autonomic system has an over-ride of the
sympathetic by the parasympathetic system, resulting in far less
diminishes, anxiety subsides, and stress is dampened.
All of the effects result in lowered overall pain and
arousal. The nervous
system is calmed down, DRAMATICALLY !!!
|© 2016 Neuropsychiatric Pain Medicine Associates of Tennessee ||